Glaucoma Diagnosis and Treatment in Mooresville
Glaucoma is a common eye disease and a major reason that everyone should have an annual eye exam with an optometrist. Early detection is crucial, since the disease leads to permanent vision loss. The earliest sign of glaucoma (open-angle glaucoma) is increased pressure in the eye, which is only evident in testing conducted at your optometry office. Glaucoma testing is painless and quick, and if elevated eye pressure is found, our Mooresville optometrist can recommend treatment to lower your eye pressure.
Vision lost to glaucoma is irreversible, but the disease can be significantly slowed down with proper treatment. Your optometrist is likely to be the first to discover your glaucoma. Don't wait for glaucoma symptoms, because by the time you notice the blurry vision or vision loss, the condition is well advanced and much damage is already done.
Causes of Glaucoma
The following are risk factors that make you more likely to develop open-angle glaucoma (the common form of glaucoma):
- Over 40 years of age
- Being related to someone who has glaucoma (immediate family)
- Being severely near-sighted or far-sighted
- Having diabetes
- Having cataracts
- Past use of steroid injections or eye drops
- History of eye injuries
- Being African-American or Asian
- Increased eye pressure
- May be present at birth in rare cases
Glaucoma Diagnosis at our Mooresville Optometrist
When you visit our optometry center for an annual eye exam, you may receive some or all of these tests for glaucoma:
- Eye pressure testing: This air-puff test reveals increases in eye pressure that may indicate glaucoma.
- Visual field test: This reveals peripheral (side) vision loss. Wearing an eye patch, you'll see flashes of light and use a clicking device to let the eye doctor know when you first see it.
- Dilation: Our optometrist may use eye drops to relax/open your pupils, for a better view of the inner eye.
- Slit-lamp test: This is a desktop microscope that you rest your chin and forehead on, so the doctor can examine your eyes closely.
- Drainage angle check: Our optometrist may also place a special mirrored contact lens in your eye to look for a blocked eye drainage angle, which can raise eye pressure and cause glaucoma.
- Corneal thickness measurement: Our optometrist may use a handheld ultrasound device (pachymeter) to look for thinning, a sign of glaucoma.
Early glaucoma treatment starts with prescription eye drops to lower eye pressure by reducing fluid production or increasing drainage in your eyes. At later stages, our optometrist may recommend laser eye surgery or traditional glaucoma surgery. We can refer you to our recommended ophthalmologist for priority treatment.
About Rare, Narrow-Angle Glaucoma
If you experience symptoms of narrow-angle glaucoma, get emergency medical help immediately. Narrow-angle glaucoma produces sudden, intense symptoms. It happens when drainage canals in the eye are suddenly blocked, causing eye pressure to increase rapidly. Symptoms include: severe eye pain, headache, seeing flashing lights, nausea, blurry vision or vision loss.
Call Your Optomotrist in Mooresville Today
Schedule your annual eye exam now, so that you don't forget. We serve Mooresville, Davidson, Statesville, Cornelius, Huntersville, Lake Norman and Denver, NC and surrounding communities. Call Eye Care Center Mooresville at 704-664-9121 today.