Glaucoma FAQs with Our Mooresville Optometrist
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of vision loss in America, and our Mooresville optometrist team wants everyone to be well-informed about this condition so more people are inspired to get screened early. Keep reading for some of the most commonly asked questions about glaucoma.
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that cause progressive vision loss and other symptoms in one or both eyes. The most common type of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma, which occurs when the fluid inside the eye doesn't drain out properly through a specialized channel, even though the channel remains open. This can cause fluid buildup in the eye and eventually put pressure on the optic nerve where it attaches in the rear of the eye. Over time, the optic nerve is damaged by increased eye pressure.
What Causes Glaucoma?
Not everyone with glaucoma has increased inner eye pressure, but it is a common cause of optic nerve damage. Other factors can contribute to the development of glaucoma, including a history of eye trauma or surgery, certain health conditions like type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure, smoking, long-term use of steroid medications, excessive sunlight exposure, extreme nearsightedness (myopia), or family history. People of certain ethnicities are also more at risk for glaucoma.
What Are Glaucoma Symptoms?
Once glaucoma advances, a person may begin to notice symptoms such as peripheral vision loss, double vision, blind spots, and increased sensitivity to light. Early on in the disease process, however, a person won't experience any glaucoma symptoms or warning signs.
How Is Glaucoma Treated?
There's no cure for glaucoma yet, but the sooner it's detected the better chances you and your eye doctor have at slowing the disease progression and maximizing your eyesight. Our Mooresville optometrist helps people with glaucoma by providing early diagnosis and treatment, including:
- Oral medications or eye drops to help reduce inner eye pressure
- Low vision strategies and updated eyewear prescription
- Pre- and post-surgical care and consultations
- Lifestyle and dietary interventions
Is It Finally Time to Schedule Your Glaucoma Screen?
When it comes to glaucoma, the sooner you know you have it the better. Call Mills Eye Care today at (704) 664-9121 to schedule a glaucoma screen or comprehensive eye exam for yourself and your loved ones.